Moving on from our overview of trout fishing in the US, let’s dive into the types of trout you can find. Trout come in many shapes and sizes, and you may encounter different species depending on where you go. The five most common are brook trout, rainbow trout, lake trout, brown trout, and cutthroat trout.
The first type is the brook trout, primarily found in smaller streams or creeks throughout North America. These fish have dark green spots with a red/orange belly and love to hide among rocks or logs near shorelines. Brookies fight hard when hooked and make for an exciting catch!
Rainbow trout are some of the most sought-after species by anglers because they’re plentiful across much of the United States. They’re known for their vibrant colors that range from pinkish purple to silvery white along their sides – making them a beautiful sight when caught! Also known as steelhead if migrating to saltwater habitats, rainbows grow relatively large compared to other trouts and put up a great fight when reeled in.
Lake trout live mainly in cold-water lakes throughout Canada and the US. They usually stick close to deeper waters during warmer months but move closer to shore during colder temperatures. Lake trout vary greatly in coloration due to differences between individual populations; however, most display shades of grey/silver with occasional darker hues mixed in. Because they inhabit deeper water than other species, lakers tend to be larger than rainbows or cutthroats, making them desirable catches amongst experienced fishermen looking for a challenge!
Brown trout are natively located primarily in Europe but were introduced worldwide during colonial times and now thrive across many states, including California, Colorado, Pennsylvania & New York. Brownies often feature reddish spots over olive-colored backsides, giving them unique markings which stand out against any background scenery when spotted swimming upstream! Like lake trouts, though, these too prefer somewhat deep waters, so expect larger sizes if you’re lucky enough to land one successfully!
Finally, we have cutthroat trouts, which originate from western North America, where they can be found inhabiting rivers or streams, typically at higher altitudes (upwards of 4500 feet). Cutties tend to stay relatively small compared with other types yet still provide plenty of excitement when biting bait, thanks mainly to their aggressive nature once hooked onto your line!